Biological Sciences

The major in Biological Sciences is designed to provide students with a broad background in biology and exposure to related fields such as chemistry, physics and mathematics. The program offers a strong science foundation balanced with a well rounded Liberal Arts education required for successful entrance into Schools of Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy and other advanced degree programs in the biological sciences. Grades of "C" or above must be received in all required Biology courses and laboratories.

Students may earn a B.A., a B.A. with Pre-Health Profession Emphasis, or a B.S. degree.

Biological Sciences B.A. Degree

Required Courses

Core Courses:

BIO 1/L

Biological Dynamics

(4,1)

BIO 2/L

Biological Dynamics

(4,1)

CHE 1A/D/L

General Chemistry

(3,1, 1)

CHE 1B/L

General Chemistry

(4,1)

CHE 6A/L

Organic Chemistry

(4,1)

CHE 6B/L

Organic Chemistry

(4,1)

MTH 38 or PSY 40

Statistics

(3)

MTH 5A

Calculus I

(4)

PHY 1A

Physics

(4)

CHE 107/L

Biochemistry

(3,1)

BIO 130/L

Genetics

(4)

BIO 135/L

Molecular Biology

(4)

BIO 195

Senior Seminar in New Biology

(3)

 

 

 

Upper Division Elective Requirements:

 

Four upper-division Biology courses, at least two of which must have a lab.

 

BIO 103

Microbiology

(4)

BIO 105

Immunology

(3)

BIO 111

Ecology

(4)

BIO 125

Developmental Biology

(4)

BIO 141

Cancer Biology

(3)

BIO 151

Medical Physiology

(4)

BIO 152

Cellular Biology

(4)

BIO 157

Advanced Topics in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

(3)

BIO 160

Neurobiology

(3)

BIO 167

Advanced Topics in Environmental Science

(4)

 

 

Seminar/Research Requirements:

 

Either:

 

 

BIO 196

Seminar Readings

(2)

Or two courses in:

 

BIO 197

Biological Research

(1,1)

Minimum total units required for B.A. in Biological Sciences: 74 - 76

Plus General Studies requirements, including the Language and Culture requirement, totaling 124 semester units to complete the B.A. degree.

Biological Sciences B.A.: Pre-Health Profession Emphasis

The Health Sciences emphasis provides the strong science background necessary to meet many of the requirements for a variety of graduate professional programs in fields such as physical therapy, physician’s assistant and optometry.

Required Courses

Core Courses:

BIO 1/L

Biological Dynamics

(4,1)

BIO 2/L

Biological Dynamics

(4,1)

CHE 1A/L

General Chemistry

(4,1)

CHE 1B/L

General Chemistry

(4,1)

CHE 6A/L

Organic Chemistry

(4,1)

CHE 6B/L

Organic Chemistry

(4,1)

MTH 38 or PSY 40

Statistics

(3)

MTH 5A

Calculus I

(4)

PHY 1A

Physics

(4)

CHE 107/L

Biochemistry

(3,1)

BIO 130/L

Genetics

(4)

BIO 135/L

Molecular Biology

(4)

BIO 195

Senior Seminar in Biology

(3)

 

 

 

Elective Requirements:

 

BIO 50A/L

Human Anatomy

(3,1)

AND

 

 

BIO 151/L

Medical Physiology

(4)

OR

 

 

Bio 50B/L

Human Physiology

(3,1)

Plus any two from the following course list:

 

BIO 103/L

Microbiology

(4)

BIO 105

Immunology

(3)

BIO 152

Cell Biology

(4)

BIO 160

Neurobiology

(3)

 

 

 

Seminar / Research Requirements: 

 

Either:

 

BIO 196

Seminar Readings

(2)

Or two courses in:

 

 

BIO 197

Research Readings

(1,1)

Minimum total units required for B.A in Biological Sciences with a Pre-Health Profession emphasis: 74-76.

Plus General Studies requirements, including the Language and Culture requirement, totaling 124 semester units to complete the B.A. degree.

Biological Sciences B.S. Degree

The Bachelor’s of Science in Biology degree is specifically designed for students wishing to pursue careers in science and medicine. This degree provides a broad background in biology, while at the same time meeting many of the exam and pre-requisite requirements necessary for research graduate schools and medical schools.

Required Courses

Core Courses:

BIO 1/L

Biological Dynamics

(4,1)

BIO 2/L

Biological Dynamics

(4,1)

CHE 1A/L

General Chemistry

(4,1)

CHE 1B/L

General Chemistry

(4,1)

CHE 6A/L

Organic Chemistry

(4,1)

CHE 6B/L

Organic Chemistry

(4,1)

MTH 38 or PSY 40

Statistics

(3)

MTH 5A

Calculus I

(4)

MTH 5B

Calculus II

(4)

PHY 1A

Physics

(4)

PHY 1B/L

Physics

(3,1)

CHE 107/L

Biochemistry

(3,1)

BIO 111/L

Ecology

(4)

BIO 130/L

Genetics

(4)

BIO 135/L

Molecular Biology

(4)

BIO 152/L

Cell Biology

(4)

BIO 195

Senior Seminar in New Biology

(3)

Upper Division Elective Requirements:

 

Two upper-division Biology courses, at least one of which must have a lab.

 

BIO 103

Microbiology

(4)

BIO 105

Immunology

(3)

BIO 125

Developmental Biology

(4)

BIO 141

Cancer Biology

(3)

BIO 151

Medical Physiology

(4)

BIO 157

Advanced Topics in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

(3)

BIO 160

Neurobiology

(3)

BIO 167

Advanced Topics in Environmental Science

(4)


Seminar / Research Requirements:

Either:

 

 

BIO 196

Seminar Readings

(2)

Or two courses in:

 

BIO 197

Research Readings

(1,1)

Minimum total units required for B.S. in Biological Sciences: 80 - 81

Plus General Studies requirements totaling 124 semester units to complete the B.S. degree. Note: Bachelor’s of Science degrees do NOT require Language and Culture as part of the general studies curriculum.

Biological Sciences Minor

A minimum of 24 units in the Biological Sciences including:

BIO 1/L

Biological Dynamics

(4,1)

BIO 2/L

Biological Dynamics

(4,1)

BIO 135/L

Molecular Biology

(4)

BIO 130/L

Genetics

(4)


Plus two additional upper division courses in the Biological Sciences.

Biology Courses

BIO 1 Biological Dynamics (4)

This is the first of a two-semester introductory course sequence designed primarily for science majors. This is an introduction to the biological sciences with a focus on evolution, biodiversity and ecosystems. Topics include evolutional theory, population evolution, origin of species, natural history, and the structure and functions of different living forms. Concepts of ecosystems and the interactions between living things and environments are introduced. Offered every Fall semester. Lecture 3 hrs; discussion 1 hr. GS-IIID.

BIO 1L Biological Dynamics Laboratory (1)

This laboratory is complementary with BIO 1 lecture, and gives students opportunities to observe, examine, and dissect different living forms. Topics include evolution, bacteriology, protists, plant diversity, animal diversity, plant growth and anatomy. Offered every Fall semester. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in BIO 1 or completion of BIO 1 with a grade of C or above. GS-IIID.

BIO 2 Biological Dynamics (4)

This is the second of a two-semester introductory course sequence designed primarily for science majors. This course is an introduction to the biological sciences at the cellular and subcellular level. Topics include the biochemistry and energetics of life, anatomy of the cell, metabolism, cell cycle, and molecular mechanisms of inheritance. Historical perspective and current findings are incorporated into these units of study. Offered every Spring semester. Lecture 3 hrs; discussion 1 hr. Prerequisite: completion of Bio 1 and Chem 1A with a grade of C or above. GS-IIID, VIIA.

BIO 2L Biological Dynamics Laboratory (1)

The laboratory allows students to become proficient in the scientific methods of investigation for each major topic discussed in BIO 2, including the metric system, chemistry of life, cell structure, metabolism, and cell cycle. Offered every Spring semester. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in BIO 2 or completion of BIO 2 with a grade of C or better. GS-IIID, VIIA.

BIO 3 General Microbiology (3)

This is an introductory microbiology course that will cover the basic principles of microbial growth and metabolism, cellular morphology and structure, taxonomy, pathogenicity, immunity, and control. Topics of focus include microorganisms as agents of disease and normal inhabitants of our environment. This course is primarily designed for pre-nursing students. Offered every semester. Lecture 3 hrs. GS-IIID

BIO 3L General Microbiology Laboratory (1)

The laboratory complements BIO 3 lecture and will include techniques of isolation, cultivation and identification of bacteria. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in BIO 3 or completion of BIO 3 with a grade of C or better. GS-IIID

BIO 5 Life Sciences (3)

This course is an introduction to the biological sciences for non-major students or as a preparation for major students with emphases on cell biology and biodiversity. Topics include cell structure and function, metabolism and energy flow, cell division, inheritance and genetics, natural selection, and structure and functions of different living forms. The laboratory will illuminate these topics and provide opportunities for hands-on experiences. Offered every semester. Lecture 2 hrs. Laboratory 2 hrs. GS-IIID

BIO 10 Health Science (3)

An introductory course designed to provide the student with a basic understanding of the functioning of the human body as it relates to health problems. Included are such topics as nutrition, infectious disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, reproduction, and the effects of alcohol, drugs, and tobacco. Offered every semester. Lecture 3 hrs. GS-IIID

BIO 50A Human Anatomy (3)

The study of the structure of the human body. A systemic approach is used beginning with the molecular level and progressing to the organism as a whole to demonstrate the interrelationships at each level of organization. Offered every semester. Lecture 3 hrs. Prerequisites: successful completion of a high school General Biology course and either concurrent enrollment in BIO 50AL or completion of BIO 50AL with a grade of C or above. GS-IIID

BIO 50AL Human Anatomy Laboratory (1)

The laboratory complements BIO 50A lecture. Laboratory exercises are used to expand and clarify the concepts presented in lecture. These include microscopic reviews, dissections and other multiple teaching/learning media. Offered every semester. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisites: successful completion of a high school General Biology course and concurrent enrollment in BIO 50A lecture or completion of BIO 50A with a grade of C or above. GS-IIID

BIO 50B Human Physiology (3)

An introduction to physiological principles with emphasis on organ systems. An integrative approach is used beginning with the molecular and progressing to the organism as a whole to demonstrate the interrelationships at each level of organization. Lecture 3 hrs. Prerequisites: a grade of C or above in BIO 50A lecture and laboratory. GS-IIID

BIO 50BL Human Physiology Laboratory (1)

The laboratory complements BIO 50B lecture. Laboratory exercises include measurements of physiological activities from the molecular level to the whole organism. Laboratory 3 hrs. Graded. Prerequisites: a grade of C or above in BIO 50A lecture and laboratory and concurrent enrollment in BIO 50B lecture or completion of BIO 50B with a grade of C or better. GS-IIID

BIO 67 Environmental Science (3)

This course is an introduction to the multidisciplinary field of environmental science with respect to science, law/policy, and economics. The science component covers basic concepts of life, environments and natural resources, biodiversity, renewable and non-renewable resources, conservation, pollution, and other environmental concerns. The law/policy and economic components introduce students to federal and state regulations, risk assessments, social complications, and economic impacts. Field trips, guest lectures, and class debates will be incorporated. Lecture 3 hrs. GS-IIID

BIO 87 Fundamental Concepts in Biology (1-3)

An acyclic series of basic concepts in the field of biological sciences which present an introductory understanding of living systems. GS-IIID

BIO 103 Microbiology (4)

The course focuses on basic principles of microbial growth and metabolism, cellular morphology and structure, taxonomy, pathogenicity, immunity, and control. Course will emphasize microorganisms as agents of disease and normal inhabitants of our environment. Lab will include techniques of isolation, cultivation and identification of microorganisms, with an emphasis on bacteria. Offered every other year. Lecture 3 hrs. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisite: a grade of C or above in CHE 1A/B. Recommended: BIO 135, BIO 130, BIO 152. GS–IIID

BIO 105 Immunology (3)

Exploration of fundamental concepts of immunology. Topics include basic mechanisms of innate and adaptive immunity, host: pathogen interactions, regulation of immune responses, antibody and T-cell receptor structure and function, autoimmunity, immunodeficiency and vaccines. Emphasis is placed on biochemical and molecular approaches to studying the immune system and applications in medicine and research. Offered every other year. Lecture 3 hrs. Prerequisites: a grade of C or above in BIO 1/2 and CHE 1A/B

BIO 111 Ecology (4)

This course focuses on the general principles of ecology, including natural history, the interactions between organisms and their environments, population dynamics, interactions among organisms at community and ecosystem levels, and large scale ecology, such as landscape ecology and global ecology. Scientific investigations in ecological principles and environmental problems will be discussed throughout the course. Laboratory gives students opportunities to learn how to design, execute, analyze and present research projects. Offered occasionally. Lecture 3 hrs. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisite: a grade of C or above in BIO 1/2.

BIO 112 Human Nutrition (3)

A study of different nutrients with emphasis on nutritional requirements for health and prevention of chronic diseases which are major causes of death in the United States today. Topics include healthy lifestyle including daily meal planning, weight control and exercise, harmful effects of alcohol and drugs. Special needs during pregnancy and lactation, infancy and childhood, adulthood, and old age will also be considered. This course is primarily designed for second-year nursing major students and is not considered for credit towards the Biology major. Lecture 3 hrs.

BIO 125 Developmental Biology (4)

This course focuses on the patterns, processes and mechanisms by which a single cell changes and is transformed into a fully organized individual. We will explore — at the cellular and molecular levels — the mechanisms involved in fertilization, morphogenesis, organogenesis, and sex determination, emphasizing the experimental bases for generalizations whenever appropriate. In the laboratory, students will use several model systems including sea urchin, Drosophila, Caenorhabditis, frog, zebra fish and chick to investigate aspects of developmental mechanisms. Offered every other year. Lecture 3 hrs. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisites: a grade of C or above in BIO 1/2 and BIO 152.

BIO 130 Genetics (4)

The course focuses on the organization, maintenance, function and inheritance of genes. Topics include Mendelian inheritance, mapping and linkage of genes, structure and inheritance of chromosomes, genetic mutations, and the analysis of genomes. In addition, the course includes discussions of genetic disorders, the relationship of genetics to environmental influences, and an introduction to both current and historical techniques used in the field. Offered once per year. Lecture 3 hrs. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisite: a grade of C or above in BIO 1/2 and BIO 135. GS-VIIA

BIO 135 Molecular Biology (4)

This course focuses on the central dogma of biology and emphasizes the following topics: (1) structure and function of macromolecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins; (2) DNA replication and repair; (3) expression of the genome through transcription, splicing, and translation; (4) gene regulation. The laboratory portion of the course introduces techniques in nucleic acid and protein preparation and manipulation fundamental in modern experimentation. Offered occasionally. Lecture 3 hrs. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisites: a grade of C or above in BIO 1/2.

BIO 141 Cancer Biology (3)

This class will focus on molecular, genetic, and cellular aspects of cancer. Genetic topics discussed include tumor suppressor genes, oncogenes, and the mechanisms of DNA mutation leading to cancer. Cellular aspects covered in the class will include cell cycle regulation, metastasis and angiogenesis. The class will also touch upon some cancer therapies and treatments. Offered every other Fall semester. Lecture 3 hrs. Prerequisite: a grade of C or above in BIO 135 and BIO 130.

BIO 151 Medical Physiology (4)

The lecture portion of this course will cover the physiology of cells, organs and organ systems with an emphasis on biophysical and biochemical principles and how they contribute to homeostasis. All of the major organ systems will be covered including nervous, muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, endocrine, and reproductive. The laboratory component will involve performing experimental investigations of physiological phenomena using both animal and human model systems. Offered every other year. Lecture 3 hrs. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisites: a grade of C or above in BIO 1/2 and CHE 1A/B. Recommended: BIO 152. GS-II, VIIA

BIO 152 Cellular Biology (4)

A detailed analysis of eukaryotic cell structure and function. This course aims to give students an in-depth understanding of protein structure and function, membrane dynamics, cell communication, and cell cycle regulation. An emphasis is placed on research findings in each topic. Laboratory techniques cover current methods in cell biology and include cell culture, cell fractionation, electrophoresis, immunoassays, histology and microscopy. Offered every year. Lecture 3 hrs. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisites: a grade of C or above in BIO 1/2 and BIO 135.

BIO 157 Advanced Topics in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (3)

This course is an in-depth analysis of the central dogma, its regulatory mechanisms, and its uses for medical and industrial purposes. It is also an exploration of the impact molecular biology has on the treatment of diseases and solving environmental problems. Topics discussed in the course may include: bioinformatics, recombinant DNA and protein technologies, gene therapy, bio-warfare, bioremediation and bioethics in the face of the quickly changing technologies. Prerequisites: a grade of C or above in BIO135 and BIO130.

BIO 160 Neurobiology (3)

An introduction to fundamental concepts of neurobiology. An emphasis is placed on the molecular organization, biochemistry and physiology of nerve cells and how the organization of these cells underlies the functional properties of the brain and behavior. Topics to be covered include membrane biophysics, synaptic physiology, sensory transduction, motor control and the molecular mechanisms of learning and memory. Offered every other year. Lecture 3 hrs. Prerequisites: a grade of C or above in BIO 1/2; CHE 1A/B, PHY 1B. Recommended: BIO 152; BIO 151; CHE 107.

BIO 167 Advanced Topics in Environmental Science (4)

This is an upper division course with emphases on analyzing and solving environmental problems. Traditional classroom lectures, laboratory exercises, formal debates, guest lectures and field trips are incorporated to help students to gain hands-on experience and understand real world problems. Topics include, but are not limited to, knowledge of environments and natural resources, invasive species, pollution, global warming, wild life and habitat conservation, and other environmental concerns. Lecture 3 hrs. Laboratory 3 hrs. Prerequisite: a grade of C or above in BIO 1/2.

BIO 177 GRE Prep Courses

This course is designed to help students prepare for the GRE Exam.

BIO 187 Advanced Concepts in Biology (1-3)

An acyclic series of topics of current interest in the biological sciences which presents recent developments in the field.

BIO 195 Senior Seminar in Biology (3)

An in-depth analysis of various topics in biology. This is a capstone course in which students will demonstrate their cumulative knowledge of the biology major through student presentations, discussions, and written reports. Prerequisite: Senior standing; successful completion of Biology core courses, Bio 130 and Bio 135 with a grade of "C" or above and a grade of "C" or above in Bio 197.

BIO 196 Seminar Readings (2)

A seminar style course that will use current literature in biological and health science topics to teach students how to read and critically evaluate scientific literature, as well as communicate in this style. This course will help prepare students for their upper-division course work, particularly Senior Seminar. It is designed for those not interested in doing research. Topics will be chosen by the instructor.

BIO 197 Research Readings (1)

A seminar style course that will use current literature in a biological topic to teach students how to read and critically evaluate scientific manuscripts, as well as communicate in a scientific style. An emphasis is placed on analyzing research design and methodology, data presentation and developing conclusions. This course is specifically designed for students planning to do research. It will also serve to help students in their upper-division course work, particularly Senior Seminar. Topics will be chosen by the instructor. Offered every semester.

BIO 198 Biological Research (1)

Directed research project. Must be taken under the guidance of a faculty member currently engaged in laboratory research. Offered every semester.

BIO 199 Independent Study (1-3)

The initiation or continuation of a project under departmental faculty direction. Work should culminate in a research paper or report.

BIO 199H Senior Honors Thesis (3)

Open only to students admitted into the Honors Program.