Industrial design is the imaginative development of manufactured products and product systems which satisfy the physical needs and psychological desires of people.
Product Designer: Product design requires a background in art and engineering. This designer must know the proper application of specific materials to particular functions, and must be able to design a proud which performs well, is attractive to the consumer, and is economical to manufacture. Design ability, precision draftsmanship, model-building, and knowledge of type and color are required.
Package Designer: Most products need a package, and every package must be designed. The package creates graphic design in three dimensions. All new developments in materials that have an application to packaging must be studied. The ability to create new and different ways to package things is important. The package designer must be familiar with production and printing methods, and know how to use color and type for maximum effect in attracting a consumer to a product. He/she must be able to relate the package design to the nature of the product it holds. Precision drawing with tools and excellent lettering skills are required.
Toy Designer: A toy designer must function in many areas. He/she must know something about the proper use of materials in relation to safety, durability, and ease of maintenance. He/she must possess mechanical skill and a love of gadgetry. He/she should be able to work with experts in the field of child psychology and be knowledgeable about the levels of skill development in children at specific ages. In addition, he/she must be able to use graphic design, type, mechanical drawing, and color effectively. Imagination and sensitivity to color are specifically valuable.
Furniture Designer: The pursuit of this profession requires some knowledge of the areas of architectural design, interior design, and carpentry. In addition, a furniture designer should be familiar with the history of furnishings, and should be aware of new developments in structural and decorative materials. Expertise in the use of color and textiles is necessary.
Contributed by Barbara Labrosse - SUNY Oswego